- Aquatic Ecotoxicology
- OECD 202: Daphnia sp., Acute Immobilisation Test
- OECD 211: Daphnia magna Reproduction Test
- OECD 235: Chironomus sp., Acute Immobilisation Test
- OECD 218/219: Sediment-Water Chironomid Toxicity Test Using Spiked Sediment/Spiked Water
- OECD 233: Sediment-Water Chironomid Life-Cycle Toxicity Test Using Spiked Water or Spiked Sediment
- OECD 225: Sediment-water Lumbriculus Toxicity Test Using Spiked Sediment
- OECD 242: Potamopyrgus antipodarum Reproduction Test
- OECD 243: Lymnea stagnalis Reproduction Test
- OECD 203: Fish, Acute Toxicity Test
- OECD 215: Fish Juvenile Growth Study
- OECD 212: Fish, Short-term Toxicity Test on Embryo and Sac-fry Stages
- OECD 231: The Amphibian Metamorphosis Assay
- OECD 236: Fish Embryo Acute Toxicity Test
- OECD 210: Fish, Early-life Stage Toxicity Test
- OECD 229 Fish Short Term Reproduction Assay and OECD 230 21-day Fish Assay
- OECD 240 Medaka Extended One Generation Reproduction Test (MEOGRT)
- OECD 241: Larval Amphibian Growth and Development Assay
- OPPTS 850.1500: Fish Life Cycle Toxicity Test
- OÈCD 234 Fish sexual development test
- Storage Stability Studies
- OPPTS 830.6302, OPPTS 830.6303,and OPPTS 830.6304: Physical State, Colour and Odor at 20 °C and at 101.3 kPa
- EU A.1: Melting temperature/range
- EU A.2: Boiling temperature
- EU A.3: Relative density (liquids and solids)
- EU A.4: Vapour pressure
- EU A.5: Surface tension
- EU A.9: Flashpoint
- EU A.10: Flammability (solids)
- EU A.12: Flammability (contact with water)
- EU A.13: Pyrophoric properties of solids and liquids
- EU A.16: Relative self-ignition temperature for solids
- EU A.17: Oxidising properties
- OECD 114: Viscosity of Liquids
- Environmental Fate
- Terrestrial Ecotoxicology
- Non-target arthropod testing with the parasitic wasp (Aphidius rhopalosiphi)
- Non-target arthropod testing with the lacewing (Chrysoperla carnea)
- Non-target arthropod testing with the ladybird beetle (Coccinella septempunctata)
- Non-target arthropod testing with the predatory bug (Orius laevigatus)
- Non-target arthropod testing with the predatory mite (Typhlodromus pyri)
- Non-target arthropod testing with the rove beetle (Aleochara bilineata)
- Non-target arthropod testing with the carabid beetle (Poecilus cupreus)
- Non-target arthropod testing with the wolf spider (Pardosa spec.)
- OECD 213/214: Honey bees, Acute Oral and Acute Contact Toxicity Test
- Honeybee: Chronic Feeding Tests
- OECD 237: Honey Bee Larval Toxicity Test, Single Exposure
- Effects on Honey Bee Brood (Apis mellifera) - Brood Feeding Test -
- OECD Draft TG: Honey Bee Larval Toxicity Test, Repeated Exposure
- OECD 75: Honey Bee Brood Test under Semi-field conditions
- EPPO 170: Honey Bee Field Study – do plant protection products effect honey bee colonies?
- Acute Oral and Contact Toxicity to the Bumblebee, Bombus terrestris L.
- Ecological Modelling
- Quality Assurance
- Testing of Potential Endocrine Disruptors
- Aquatic Ecotoxicology
- Who we are
- Company history
- Sabrina Westphal
- Dr. Ralf Petto
- Sabine Haake-Thieser
- Dr. Melanie Lichtenberger
- Petra Daum
- Mareike Eggers
- Frank Ströhle
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- Thomas Deierling
- Christiane Rutschmann-Fröhlich
- Dr. Mercedes Dragovits
- Jan Schostag
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EU A.17: Oxidising properties
Knowledge of the oxidising properties of a substance is an important safety consideration. If oxidising substances are handled or stored incorrectly then there can be serious consequences, such as a fire or explosion.
The purpose of the study is to determine the oxidizing properties of the solid test item.
It is useful to have preliminary information on any potentially explosive properties of the substance before performing this test.
(This test is not applicable to liquids, gases, explosive or highly flammable substances, or organic peroxides).
Course of the test
A preliminary test is carried out in the interests of safety. No further testing is required when the preliminary test clearly indicates that the test substance has oxidizing properties. When this is not the case, the substance should then be subject to the full test.
In the full test, the substance to be tested and a defined combustible substance will be mixed in various ratios. Each mixture is then formed into a pile and the pile is ignited at one end. The maximum burning rate determined is compared with the maximum burning rate of the reference mixture. If the maximum burning rate will found to be significantly greater than that from the reference mixture, the test can be stopped; otherwise the test should be repeated six times for each of the three mixtures giving the fastest reaction rate.
The test item will be reduced to a particle size < 125 µm if applicable. Before preparing the mixture the grinded test item will be dried at 105 °C until constant weight will be obtained. If the decomposition temperature of the test item is below 105 °C the test item will be dried at a suitable lower temperature.
The burning rate will be expressed in millimetres per second. The maximum burning rate (not the mean value) will be considered to be the characteristic oxidizing property of the test item. The highest value of a burning rate for each mixture will be relevant for evaluation. A graph of the highest burning rate for each mixture versus the oxidizer concentration will be plotted.
A substance is considered as an oxidizing substance when in the preliminary test a vigorous reaction is observed or when in the main test the maximum burning rate of the mixtures tested is higher than or equal to the maximum burning rate of the reference mixture.
Guidelines and literature
- Commission Regulation (EC) No.440/2008 laying down test methods pursuant to Regulation (EC) No.1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) (originally published as Council Regulation (EC) No.440/2008, corrigendum according to Official Journal of the European Union (EN) dated June 3, 2008, L 143/55), Annex, Part A, A.17: “Oxidizing Properties (solids)“, Official Journal of the European Union, L 142, Volume 51, 31 May 2008